Tuesday, July 7, 2015

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Program To Create Invoice Of Items Sold In A Store

The program below is the answer to Deitel's Java How to Program (9th Edition) Chapter 3 Exercise 3.13.

Question: Create a class called Invoice that a hardware store might use to represent an invoice for an item sold at the store. An Invoice should include four pieces of information as instance variables — a part number (type String), a part description (type String), a quantity of the item being purchased (type int) and a price per item (double). Your class should have a constructor that initializes the four instance variables. Provide a set and a get method for each instance variable. In addition, provide a method named getInvoiceAmount that calculates the invoice amount (i.e., multiplies the quantity by the price per item), then returns the amount as a double value. If the quantity is not positive, it should be set to 0. If the price per item is not positive, it should be set to 0.0. Write a test application named InvoiceTest that demonstrates class Invoice’s capabilities.

To run the application save both files with the same name as the class (because it is a public class) and with the .java file extension (in this case Ex03_13.java and Ex03_13_Test.java). Then compile both classes and run Ex03_13_Test. Ex03_13 will not run because it does not have a main method.

To compile both classes at the same time using the command prompt, use the command
javac Ex03_13.java Ex03_13_Test.java

To run Ex03_13_Test, use the command
java Ex03_13_Test

/**
 *
 * @Author: Aghatise Osazuwa
 * Website: www.cscprogrammingtutorials.com
 *
 * Exercise 3.13 - Invoice Class
 * This Program Creates An Invoice For An Item Sold At The Store
 *
 */ 

 public class Ex03_13 {
    
    private String partNumber;
    private String partDescription;
    private int quantityOfItemPurchased;
    private double pricePerItem;
    
    public Ex03_13 (String number, String description, int quantity, double price) {
        partNumber = number;
        partDescription = description;
        quantityOfItemPurchased = quantity;
        pricePerItem = price;
    }
    
    public void setPartNumber (String number) {
        partNumber = number;
    }
    
    public String getPartNumber () {
        return partNumber;
    }
    
    public void setPartDescription (String description) {
        partDescription = description;
    }
    
    public String getPartDescription () {
        return partDescription;
    }
    
    public void setQuantityOfItemPurchased (int quantity) {
        quantityOfItemPurchased = quantity;
    }
    
    public int getQuantityOfItemPurchased () {
        return quantityOfItemPurchased;
    }
    
    public void setPricePerItem (double price) {
        pricePerItem = price;
    }
    
    public double getPricePerItem () {
        return pricePerItem;
    }
    
    public double getInvoiceAmount () {
        double calculateTotalAmount;
        calculateTotalAmount = quantityOfItemPurchased * pricePerItem;
        return calculateTotalAmount;
    }
    
 }

Below is Class Ex03_13_Test.java to test Class Ex03_13.java

//Exercise 3.13 - Invoice Class Test
//This Program Demonstrates Class Ex03_13 (Invoice Class) Capabilities

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Ex03_13_Test {
    public static void main (String [] args) {

 Ex03_13 invoice = new Ex03_13 (" ", " ", 0, 0.0);

 Scanner input = new Scanner (System.in);
        
        String item;
        String description;
        int quantity;
        double price;
        
        System.out.print ("Enter Number: ");
        item = input.nextLine();
        invoice.setPartNumber(item);
        
        System.out.print ("Enter Description of Item Purchased: ");
        description = input.nextLine();
        invoice.setPartDescription(description);
        
        System.out.print ("Enter The Quantity of Item Purchased: ");
        quantity = input.nextInt();
 if (quantity > 0)
        invoice.setQuantityOfItemPurchased(quantity);
        
        System.out.print ("Enter The Price Per Item: ");
        price = input.nextDouble();
 if (price > 0)
        invoice.setPricePerItem (price);
        
        System.out.printf ("The Total Amount for all items purchased = $%.2f\n",
                invoice.getInvoiceAmount());

    }
}


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3 comments:


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